ARTICULT #28 (8-2017) November-December
THEORY OF ART
POSTTOTALITARY PERIOD IN THE HISTORY OF RUSSIAN CINEMA: RELIGIOUS TRADITION AND MASS MENTALITY. THIRD AND LAST PART
Author: Hrenov Nikolai Andreyevich, Dr.Habil. in Philosophy, Professor, Chief Researcher at the Department of Arts and mass media of the State Institute of Art Studies (5 Kozitsky pereulok, Moscow, Russia, 125000), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6890-7894
Summary: The article continues the study of the specifics of the religiosity of the modernity in cinematic refraction. It is proved that in the cinema the phenomena of religiosity are comprehended in the coordinates east-west, gnosis-feeling, mystery-revelation. This allows the cinema to criticize a number of mass representations based on acceptance of ready-made authorities, showing that in these mass representations the balance of gnosis and feeling has not been found. This approach allows us to clarify the interaction of different strata of Russian society around the establishment of basic values. Cinematography acts as a medium, which best describes both the threats of barbarism and the principles of civilization as solidarity in the Russian spiritual culture.
Keywords: modern Russian cinema, mass consciousness, social cinematography, religion in art, intelligentsia
CITY IMAGES IN THE EUROPEAN ART OF XVII-XVIII CENTURIES AND THEIR FUNCTION IN THE MEDIUM OF COMMUNICATION
Author: Osminskaya Nataliya Aleksandrovna, PhD, Lecturer, School of Philosophy, Faculty of Humanities National Research University Higher School of Economics (20 Mjasnitskaya str., Moscow, Russia, 101000), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5259-5841
Summary: The paper gives an analysis of the main periods of the transformation of city images in the European painting of XVII-XVIII centuries, from the very formation of urban landscape as an independent genre up to the differentiation of various poetics of the urban space. Analyzing three traditions of the urban landscape, the Flemish, Venetian and Roman veduta, the author describes three models of the presentation of urban space (city as an everyday environment, city as a theater scene, city as a museum) and three models of visual poetics (poetics of mirror reflection, poetics of illusion, poetics of imagination).
Keywords: urban enviroment, cityscape, veduta, visual poetics
ART HISTORIANS AND POETRY: TO THE QUESTION OF THE CREATIVE METHOD OF N.A. DMITRIEVA
Author: Davydova Olga Sergeevna, Ph.D. in Art Studies, Leading Researcher Associate at the Research Institute of Theory and History of Fine Arts of the Russian Academy of Arts (21 Prechistenka street, Moscow, Russia, 119034), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6834-3291
Summary: The article is devoted to the analysis of the features of the creative method and artistic thinking of the outstanding Soviet and Russian art historian Nina Alexandrovna Dmitrieva (1917-2003), which made it possible to reveal the poetic sources of the author's concepts of the scientist. Texts written by Dmitrieva are inherent in the search for harmony between the image and the word, meaning, which in the article is considered as a sign of an individual version of the “chamber” iconology, based on the poetics of a profound experience by the researcher of artistic images of art. The theoretical context of the article is shaped as Dmitrieva's art criticism, as well as her judgments about poetry, poetic translations and the experiences of personal poetry preserved in unpublished archival records of the scientist.
Keywords: art studies, history and theory of art, N.A. Dmitrieva, poetry, poetic thinking, artistic perception, interpretation, visual image, verbal image, iconology
TO THE QUESTION OF THE ROLE OF THE WORKS OF IVAN TURGENEV AND ATHANASIUS FET IN THE WORKS OF RUSSIAN ARTISTS OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIXth – EARLY XXth CENTURY
Author: Zavyalova Anna Yevgenyevna, PhD in Art Studies, leading research associate of the Research Institute of Theory and History of Fine Arts of the Russian Academy of Arts (21 Prechistenka street, Moscow, Russia, 119034), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2704-0486
Summary: The article is devoted to the influence of prose and poetry of Ivan Turgenev and Athanasius Fet on the work of Russian artists of the second half of the XIXth – early XXth century: Vasily Polenov, Henryk Semiradsky, Konstantin Somov and Vladimir Beklemishev. In the monographic studies devoted to each of these masters, this issue was given attention. In this article for the first time an attempt is made to collect these observations, to draw up a general picture of the appeal of these artists to the works of Turgenev and Fet, and also to trace the genesis of the manor and Antiquity images in the works of these artists, perceived by them from the works of these writers.
Keywords: Russian art of the second half of the XIX – early XX century, modern, Vasily Polenov, Heinrich Semiradsky, Konstantin Somov, Vladimir Beklemishev, Ivan Turgenev, Athanasius Fet, Russian anthological poetry
HISTORY OF ART
THE ICONOGRAPHY OF THE REWARDING SCENES IN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN TOMBS OF THE XVIII-TH DYNASTY
Author: Ershova Elena Sergeevna, lecturer, Department of theory and history of art, School of Art History, Russian State University for the Humanities (bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, GSP-3, 125993), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1345-7056
Summary: In 18th dynasty Egyptian private tombs the development of the so-called “Rewarding scenes”, illustrating the awarding of court officials by the king or on behalf of the king was in progress. The typological, compositional and comparative analysis of this group of monuments shows their evolution, in which it is possible to single out 5 stages, with the peak of changes occurring in the second half of Akhenaten's rule, when the pharaoh himself is an active participant in the rewarding ritual. In the future, the awarding scenes iconography returns to the original appearance, but composition preserves the legacy of the Amarna era.
Keywords: Ancient Egypt, New Kingdom, Dynasty XVIII, rewarding scenes
MINIATURES OF MIRROR OF HUMAN SALVATION FROM NOVOSIBIRSK STATE ART MUSEUM
Author: Rogov Mikhail Anatolyevich, member of the Art Historians and Art Critics Association (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7573-3370
Summary: This paper considers eighteen miniatures discovered in the collection of the Novosibirsk State Art Museum. They are introduced into the scientific turnout with their attribution as fragments of the German illuminated manuscript Mirror of Human Salvation of 1426 from the Königsberg City Library with iconographic analysis of miniatures.
Keywords: Speculum humanae salvationis, miniatures, iconography, sister-leaves, Novosibirsk State Art Museum
GUARINO GUARINI’S TREATISE “L’ARCHITETTURA CIVILE” (“CIVIL ARCHITECTURE”) AS A KEY TO UNDERSTENDING OF THE ARCHITECT’S CREATIVE METHOD
Author: Lisin Denis Aleksandrovich, second year student of the Master’s program “History of foreign arts from 15th to 20th century: contexts and interpretations”, Faculty of Art History, Russian State University for the Humanities (bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, GSP-3, 125993), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9503-3224
Summary: Guarino Guarino was one of the most important Italian architects and architectural theorists of the 17th century, however his works are insufficiently studied in the Russian and Soviet art historical tradition. In this article the author undertakes to analyze the architectural treatise of G. Guarini “l’Architettura civile” and demonstrate the link between the architect’s creative intentions and his theoretical views. Comparing Guarini’s buildings with the text of his treatise enables us to explain the buildings’ characteristic traits by the architect’s theoretical inclinations such as his interest in geometry, optical effects, gothic architecture and acceptance of the idea of architectural evolution.
Keywords: Guarini, stereotomy, conic section, optical effect, hybrid order, gothic architecture, Sacra Sindone, San Lorenzo
INSTALLATION BEGINNING IN ART JEWELRY THE SECOND HALF OF XX – BEGINNING OF XXI CENTURIES
Author: Perfilyeva Irina Yuryevna, PhD in Art Studies, assistant professor, leading Researcher Associate in the Department of Decorative and Folk Art, Research Institute of Theory and History of Fine Arts of the Russian Academy of Arts (21 Prechistenka street, Moscow, Russia, 119034), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4960-3892
Summary: The article is devoted to analysis of artwork, as they determine this stylistic direction in the West, or works of jewelry art, domestic art terminology, in the context of contemporary art practices. The focus of the study is the impact that has had on the development of jewelry art installation as a form of contemporary art. Under the indirect impact of the installation beginning there has been a fundamental rethinking of the traditional function and object forms of jewelry. In plastic and genres of jewelry has gone beyond their species boundaries and is one of the branches of contemporary art.
Keywords: installation, art object, ready-made, collage, form, space, art decoration
ARTISTIC SPACE OF ANDREI ZVYAGINTSEV'S MOVIE “LOVELESS” AS MEDIUM OF IDENTITY FORMATION
Author-1: Kolotaev Vladimir Alekseevich, Dr.Habil. in philology, full professor, dean of the Faculty of the History of Art Russian State University for the Humanities (bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, GSP-3, 125993), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7190-5726
Author-2: Ulybina Elena Viktorovna, Professor, Department of General Psychology of the Institute of school of public policy of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (82/5, Prospect Vernadskogo, Moscow, Russian Federation 119571), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5398-9006
Summary: The article considers the art space of Andrei Zvyagintsev's movie “Loveless” (2017) as environment in which behavioral strategies of the heroes are in accordance with the models of the stage development of identity: reproductive, productive and metaproductive. The carrier of reproductive identity who is the father of the disappeared child, Boris, alienates all problems of external and internal uncertainty due to his identification with presumable eternally given existence, which originates in the deep past not subject of transformations. The model of productive is realized by the mother of the disappeared child, Zhenya. She shapes an image of herself in the mood of an ideal, constructed by media and supporting group. The state of her identity refers to the most common variants of today destructive ways to cope with uncertainty. Both heroes represent two variants of identity constructing an attempt to identify with an imaginary proper past (canonical) or a properly designed future (idealistical). Carriers of the metaproductive identity are volunteers of the rescue squad “Lisa Alert” who are searching for the disappeared child. They show the possibility of action in the situation of absence of any external support and of need to rely only on yourself.
Keywords: Zvyagintsev, “Loveless”, reproductive identity, productive identity, metaproductive identity, citations, intertextuality, object of desire, cyclicity, dialogism, adaptability, Artistic space
ON DECONSTRUCTION OF THE MYTH IN THE USA DOCUMENTARY FILM OF 1980 – 2000s.
Author: Kazyuchits Maksim Fedorovitch, PhD in Philosophy, senior researcher, Film Art Institute at the All-Russian state institute of cinematography of S.A. Gerasimov (3 Wilhelm Pik street, Moscow, Russia, 129226), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3015-3046
Summary: The article is devoted to studying the mechanisms of deconstruction of mythic –creative mechanisms to screen culture. The paper shows the principles of the "recoding" of the myth through a range of artistic techniques with the example of documentaries by American director G. Reggio. Special attention is paid to the interaction of the concepts of Reggio and A. Peleshyan, the analysis of which allows a deeper understanding of the artistic potential of the system for remote installation.
Keywords: film, television, documentary, Reggio, Peleshyan, editing, myth
TENDENCIES OF LANGUAGE OF THE RUSSIAN INTERNET ANIMATION: STEREOTYPES OF NATIONAL FANTASTIC TRADITION AND A COUNTERCULTURAL DISCOURSE
Author: Sputnitskaya Nina Yuryevna, PhD in Art Studies, senior researcher, Film Art Institute at the All-Russian state institute of cinematography of S.A. Gerasimov (3 Wilhelm Pik street, Moscow, Russia, 129226), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1989-4182
Summary: Some mechanisms of a formation of myths, feature of an art system of films and elements of local tradition had analyzed in article on material of the Russian Internet animation. The author offers options of classification of modern strategy in the segment of screen texts. The main stereotypes, regularities and tendencies of language of modern animation and a fantasy which are a source to the parody are presented in article and features of designing of national identity in network animation, mechanisms of transformation of the fairy tale character on the screen are analysed.
Keywords: Internet animation, the cartoon character, alternative versions of films, the myth at cinema, the parody
HISTORY AND THEORY OF CULTURE
MYTHOLOGIZATION AND MAKING OF A HERO: METHODS OF SPACE REPRESENTATION IN SOVIET MEDIA
Author: Vereshchagina Natalia Viktorovna, Ph.D. student, Department of Philosophy and Law, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (29, Komsomolsky prospect, Perm, 614990), visiting researcher (Karamzin foundationer-2017) at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), School of Advanced Studies in the Humanities (82, Prospect Vernadskogo, Moscow, Russia, 119571), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3592-2833
Summary: The article is concerned with methods of space representation in Soviet media at the stage of cosmonautics formation. The creation of Soviet space mythology and heroizing of first cosmonauts are discussed as the main methods. The creation process of mythological structures are demonstrate, it is based on the print mass-media analysis (“Pravda”, “Izvestiya”, “Zvezda”). The hero representation structure of cosmonaut is analyzed. Methods, that were mentioned, is considered in the context of “Voskhod-2” space mission, the very first person spacewalk was committed as part of “Voskhod-2” mission.
Keywords: mythologization, space mythology, making of a hero, space, media, “Voskhod-2”, astroculture
CULTURAL POLICY AND THE MEMORY OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR IN THE “SOVIET PHOTO” MAGAZINE
Author: Isaev Egor Mihajlovich, Lecturer of the Media Department, National Research University Higher School of Economics (20 Myasitskaya st., Moscow, Russia, 101000), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9899-0169
Summary: Article is devoted to the problems of representation of World War II in one of the most popular media in USSR called “Soviet photo”. This article describes the stages of evolution of historical policy in relation to World War II, as well a number of popular images published in the magazine will be explored and described. The second part of the article is an attempt to identify new (still unexplored) forms and methods of representation of the Second World War in the Soviet media of the 2nd half of XX century.
Keywords: cultural policy, historical politics, cultural memory, photography, World War II
PHOTO-POETICS IN A. SKIDAN’S POEM “BLOWUP”
Author: Samarkina Mariia Dmitrievna, Ph.D. Student, Russian State University for the Humanities (bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, GSP-3, 125993), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9489-8509
Summary: In the article we analyse A. Skidan’s poem “Blowup” from the point of view of photo-poetics. We analyse not only the poem itself, but also the texts it is connected genetically: M. Antonioni’s “Blowup” and Julio Cortázar’s “The Devil’s Drool”. It is proved that the photographic poetics, inherent in both texts, is preserved in A. Skidan's poem in the form of a lyric film ekphrasis.
Keywords: photo-poetics, visual in literature, photography in literature, film ekphrasis
PSYCHOLOGY OF CULTURE AND ART
THINKING AS OVERCOMING OF FRUSTRATION?
Author: Rudnev Vadim Petrovich, Dr. Habil, leading research fellow, chair of philosophical anthropology, Philosophical Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University (27-4 Lomonosovsky prospekt, Moscow, Russia, 119991), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5283-497X
Summary: In this issue the author develops the ideas of English psychoanalyst Wilfred Bion that thinking is derived from emotionality and is necessary for overcoming of frustration. The author of issue proves that thinking essentially is psychopathological phenomenon, because it is connected with hypothesis of Prof. Tim Crow about schizophrenic structure of Homo Sapiens psyche.
Keywords: thinking, thought, frustration, emotion, Bion, psyche, psychopathology, psychoanalysis, Homo Sapiens
REVISITING CONCEPTUALIZATION OF PERFORMANCE: VERSION BY RICHARD SCHECHNER
Author: Demekhina Daria Olegovna, Ph.D. student, School of Philosophy, National Research University Higher School of Economics (20 Myasnitskaya st., Moscow, Russia, 101000), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2175-9994
Summary: This article is devoted to the analysis of the broad spectrum approach in the framework of Performance Studies of the American director and researcher of the Tisch School of the Arts, Richard Schechner. This paradigm is based on the key concept of performance as ‘restored behavior’. Author analyzes the main methodological and epistemological characteristics of the conception of performance as a basis for Performance Studies.
Keywords: performance, Performance Studies, Richard Schechner, performativity, theatre
NATURAL SCIENCES CONSCIOUSNESS AND LANGUAGE OF ART
Author: Krivtsun Oleg Aleksandrovich, Dr. Hab. of Philosophy, professor, academician of the Russian Academy of Arts, head of the Department of Art Theory of the Research Institute of Theory and History of Fine Arts of the Russian Academy of Arts (21 Prechistenka street, Moscow, Russia, 119034), e-mail: Oleg_Krivtsun@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8006-6277
Summary: Review of the book: The experience of natural science and evolution of genre forms in the art history. Limanskaya, Liudmila (ed.). Moscow, Russian State University for the Humanities Publishers, 2017. 206 p. (In Russian)
Keywords: art history, natural science, evolution of genre forms
REVIEW OF THE BOOK “ANTHROPOLOGY OF ART: LANGUAGE OF ART AND MEASURE OF HUMAN IN THE CHANGING WORLD”
Author: Limanskaja Ljudmila Jur'evna, Doctor of Art Studies, Professor, Head of the Chair of Theory and History, Faculty of Art History, Russian State University for the Humanities (bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, GSP-3, 125993), e-mail: email@example.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0592-3192
Summary: Review of the book: Anthropology of art: language of art and measure of human in the changing world. Ed. Oleg Krivtsun. Moscow, Indrik Publ., 2017. 340 p. (in Russian)
Keywords: art history, language of art, measure of human