ARTICULT #1 (1-2011)
Narration and visual
CINEMA NARRATIONS: MAKING OF THE VISUAL EXPERIENCE
THE ECSTATIC DANCE IN DOVZHENKO'S CINEMA
Author: Muravyov D.
Summary: The article is devoted to the analysis of an image of folk dance in the art system of a soviet director Alexander Dovzhenko. The author shows that this image is deeply mythological and indicates of peculiar world-view of Dovzhenko. He took the events of his time for some kind of heroic acts which became the beginning of a new epoch in the history of the nation.
Keywords: Dovzhenko, dance, mythological images
B. BERKLEY AS CHAOS MODERATOR
Author: Aydynyan Alexandra
Summary: If cinema has a magical influence, the viewer is considered to be its object. Showstoppers, whose Busby Berkeley created for Hollywood musicals of the 30s, force us to treat them as an effort of both the author and viewers to transform the reality of the Great Depression in a magical way.
Keywords: showstoppers, the Great Depression, Hollywood
THE HISTORY OF TERROR TODAY EXACTLY
Author: Artemieva Ol'ga
Summary: Horror in its contemporary state – i.e. those significant transformations that’s been shaping the genre during the past decade – still remains practically unexplored either in Russian or international art criticism. Despite this, some characteristics of genre as it is these days in different cultures become the cause of extent discussions in modern society. This fact proves conclusively that the evolution of the genre needs to be explored and comprehended thoughtfully while having considered both its aesthetics and ethical questions it marks.
Keywords: contemporary cinema, horror, aesthetics of the horrible
SLESHER STYLE: TERRIBLE AMUSEMENTS OR ART TO TERRIFY
Author: Shemetova Tatiana
Summary: The article is dedicated to metamorphoses of horror films, connected with the back reacton on the images, providing new model of the image analysis. The new image of hero-victim is a case of not narration of novel type, but aesthetic provocation.
Keywords: horror film, popular cinema, sociology of film
VISUAL CONCEPTION OF THE WORLD STRUCTURE IN TODAY CINEMA: LAST SYMPATHETIC DAYS IN PARADISE
Author: Ganzhara Ol'ga
Summary: The visualization of the city in contemporary cinema is a kind of reflexion, provoking identification of human with artificial ambience. The important part of this self-identification is visual entropy of the world around. The only idealized space of sensitive life is his proper body, also tended to entropy.
Keywords: visual entropy, visual self-identification, role self-vision
THE BACKSIDE OF THE HUMANISM: NEW PROSPECTIVES TO HUMANITY
Author: Kolotaev Vladimir
Summary: The article investigates some transformations of the central problems of contemporary culure (media impact, subjectivity) in the framework of science-fiction cinema. Personalization and hyperactivation of media-channels generates, due to the psychoanalytic reflexion, a new type of subjective contemplation, contemplation of self-as-Other.
Keywords: science-fiction cinema, theory of media, subjectivity
VERBAL IMAGE VISUALIZED
ILLUSTRATION AND EUROPEAN RATIONALIZING READING OF CLASSICAL POETICS
Author: Markov Alexander
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6874-1073
Summary: The article is dedicated to the general changes of the idea of εναργεια in Renaissance reception of ancient poetical and rhetorical instructions: from the character of style to the abstract representation framed by the new conception of poetical creativity, independent of the plot/genre of the particular texts. The εναργεια was identified as “lively character” (in naturalism sense) of any talented text, becoming a powerful instrument of generalization of all visual impressions.
Keywords: classic art, art theory, categories of aesthetics
EXPRESSIVE IDEAS IN SCOTT DECORATIVE PAINTING OF THE ART NOUVEAU
Author: Shtolder Natalia
Summary: The article is dedicated to the research of examples of Scottish decorative painting of the modern style from the point of view of visualization of distinctive ideas – images in it. Works of Phoebe Anna Traquair «The Progress of a Soul» (1895-1902), John Duncan «St. Bride» (1913), Robert Burns «Diana and her Nymphs» (1926) are presented and analyzed. In each of these works takes place a meeting – a conflict between decor and poetry which fruitfully and indissolubly supplement each other.
Keywords: Scottish modern style, Celtic culture, decorative painting, panneau, composition, polystylistic, symbolism
POETRY AS PICTURE: ONE TOPIC OF THE NEW VERSES BY RILKE
Author: Akhtyrskaya Vera
Summary: In the article, the correlation of the verbal and the visual principle is analyzed on the case of R. M. Rilke’s poem “St Sebastian” (the book “New Poems”, 1907). The poem is example of classical ekphrasis. Article concentrates on the context of the renovated ekphrasis in both fine arts and literature, on its mimetic constituent: iconographic pretext, semiotics, rhetoric.
Keywords: semiotics of the verbal and visual, iconographic and literary context and pretext, poetics of ekphrasis, rhetoric figures
THE MEAT REPRESENTATION IN FASSBINDER CINEMA: A SEMIOTIC ASPECT
Author: Eliseeva Alexandra
Summary: In the article semantics of butchering and slaughter-house motif is considered in baroque paintings and in several films of R.W.Fassbinder. In the films of Fassbinder, as well as on baroque pictures, the parallel drawn between human life and an animal fate is represented with the religious and erotic aspect of butcher’s meat. At the same time the gender aspect of slaughter-house plays an important role in films of Fassbinder. Slaughter of animals has also in Fassbinder’s works a mass, depersonalized character like mass murderes in the 20th century. The slaughter-house is now marginalized, forced out from human consciousness.
Keywords: cinema and painting, Baroque, Fassbinder, semantics, art motif
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION: SEEKING THE BORDERS
THE HISTORY OF ART AS SELF-DEVELOPING SYSTEM: METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE 20 C. ART STUDIES
Author: Limanskaja Ljudmila
Summary: Τhe article investigates ways of interaction between neoevolutionism and art criticism in XX century. The most important problem, considered from different points, is study of art history as a living system and possible analogies between the laws of nature and of art.
Keywords: iconic, evolutionism, imaginative memory, innate intelligence, interiorization, genetic psychology
HATHOR NAVAL SCENE AND SOCAR FEST FROM AHMENU TEMPLE OF TUTMOS THE THIRD
Author: Mironova Alexandra
Summary: The article investigates two relief scenes from the Karnak temple Akhmenu of Thutmose III: the scene of the navigation of the statue of a cow and the scene of the Festival of Sokar. The article considers the symbolic relationship between these scenes and interprets the scene of navigation of the Statue of a Cow as the part of the festival “Sailing of Hathor” celebrated in the season of Inundation.
Keywords: Thutmose III, Karnak, Akhmenu, Hathor, Sokar, the Festival of Hathor, the ritual zSS wAD, the Red Chapel
VISUAL REPRESENTATION OF DOGMATIC DEVELOPMENT IN ICONOGRAPHY OF THE WESTERN FACADE OF THE SAINT-DENYS BASILIQUE CHURCH (12 C.)
Author: Khripkova Elena
Summary: The article is devoted to the problem of representation of the Lord’s image (Trinity) in the twelfth- century iconographic program for the west faзade of the Saint-Denis abbey church - the first monument of the Gothic epoch. The author analyzes the iconographic decision of the Christ’s image of the central portal on the west facade and states the hypothesis about the ways of creation of this iconography. The author also shows, that the creation of this image is the Suger’s original contribution to the process of developing of the Trinity iconography.
Keywords: Saint-Denis abbey church, abbot Suger, Trinity iconography, Christ’s image, program, the Christological doctrine, visualization
THE TWELVE MONTHS BY P. BRUEGEL THE ELDER: HOW TO INTERPRET?
Author: Lobkova Nadya
Summary: The article discusses the issue of the original composition and the order of alternation of scenes in the paintings of the series "Twelve Months" by Pieter Brueghel the Elder.
Keywords: iconography, series of calendars, Flemish Books of Hours
SPATIALITY IN THE ART
ABSTRACTION AND ICON: METAPHYSICAL REALISM IN THE RUSSIAN ART
Author: Levina Tatiana
Summary: The goal of this article – to draw a strict line of succession from icon to abstractionism of Russian Avaunt-Guard. The line of East-Christian (Late-Byzantine and Russian understanding of Image) was drawn: from theology of Gregory Palamas to Theophanes the Greek, through the spiritual practice of St. Sergius of Radonezh to Andrey Rublev and further – to avaunt-guard painters Michail Larionov and Kasimir Malevich, philosopher Pavel Florensky and others. This line can be named as cataphatic, as it is connected with distinct from Western theory of image understanding of the Presence of God. It had been shown on the works of French Phenomenologists, that Western image is connected with the concept of absence, or distance. Metaphysical Realism is the starting point of the development of Russian Art. Understanding of this line from icon to avaunt-guard will help to describe basis of avant-garde painters, which has its representation in paintings, manifests and theory. We are considering Larionov's rayism and Malevich's suprematism in this view.
Keywords: icon painting, Russian Avaunt-Guard
WHAT WE SEE IN THE DEPTH OF THE PICTURE: THE NATURE AND FUNCTIONS OF SPACE ORGANISATION IN PLAIN REPRESENTATIONS
Author: Filippov Sergey
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6032-6641
Summary: Space we are able to see in flat pictures (paintings, photographs, films) is not the representation of the real three-dimensional space, but it is the image of our internal visual space. The visual space, however, can be depicted on a plane partly only. Apparently, there are different kinds of the visual space correspond with the different perspective systems. The central perspective system represents the space of perception on the whole (yet not in the best way: the Old Chinese perspective system is much more accurate), but unlike other systems it determines the observer’s position that provides information on the modality of the picture.
Keywords: perspective systems, central perspective, cognitive art theory, visual space
BOOK AND ART REVIEWS
HELSINKI CULTURAL FACTORIES AS EXPERIMENT ZONE
Author: Karpenko Anna
Summary: The article is written as result of educational trip to Helsinki and Stockholm (15-21.05.2011) under the project “Development of the Partnership in the Creative Industries: North-Western regions of Russia and North European countries” (organized by the Institute of cultural programs of Saint-Petersburg, supported by Information Service of the Council of Ministers of the North European countries in Saint-Petersburg), the work was executed under the program “Development of the creative industries in Kaliningrad region” (Council of Ministers and Agency for support of cultural initiatives Transit in Kaliningrad). The article based on discussions and presentations in cultural places (fabrics) in Helsinki, on interviews with the administrators and booklets and web representations of the cultural fabrics. All photos are by the author.
Keywords: Helsinki, cultural factory
BUDDIES OR CLASSMATES: ON THE RUSSIAN SOCIAL MEDIA (A REVIEW)
Author: Khitrov Arseniy
Summary: A review of the Digital Icons, #2, on the problem of the Runet social networks functioning.
Keywords: social network, Internet, Runet
SOCIETY, HISTORY, CINEMA: THE WWII IN THE SOVIET CINEMA (A REVIEW)
Author: Khitrov Arseniy
Summary: Review of the educational DVD on the representation of the WWII in the Soviet cinema of Stalin and Khrushchev eras.
Keywords: the second world war, the representation of history, Stalinist cinema, the cinema of the thaw
MEHRBILD (ADDITIONAL IMAGE-REPRESENTATION): ON THE CHB (BLACK-N-WHITE) EXHIBITON (14.10.2010-23.11.2010, MODERNARIAT GALLERY, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA)
Author: Olshansky Dmitry
Summary: Review of the exhibition "Black & white" in gallery "Modernariat" (October 14 - November 23, 2010).
Keywords: the aesthetics of black-and-white, monochrome, contemporary art