ARTICULT #7 (3-2012)
THE PARDON IS GIFT OR CHANGE? AUGUSTINE'S ANTIPELAGIANISM IN THE 20TH CENTURY PHILOSOPHY
Author: Yampolskaya Anna, PhD, assistant professor, Faculty of Philosophy, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: In Derrida’s interpretation gift as a total social fact is closely linked to the gift as an act within a certain intentional disposition. So gift turns to be a double bind: gift is socially binding, so phenomenologically gift is always pregnant with exchange, but at the same tine gift as such is only possible if the social bond is forfeit. Derrida replaces Mauss’ original approach by his own metaphysics of intention, reviving St Augustion’s dialectics of grace and nature. Gift is a phenomenon without phenomenality, it is thinkable only beyond all causality and finality, as a lucky event. In juxtaposition Marion presents all possible events and even my own self as an the Augustinian gift of grace.
Keywords: Augustin, Derrida, Jankéléivitch, Marcel Mauss, Marion, gift, exchange, grace, freedom, event
AUGUSTINE AND AUGUSTINISM IN THE P.L. LANDSBERG PHILOSOPHY
Author: Khorkov Michail, PhD, assistant professor, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: This study sets out to interpret the forms of reception of Augustine in the philosophy of Paul Ludwig Landsberg (1901–1944). It concentrates on the evolution of the phenomenological analysis of the Augustine’s texts and ideas in the works of P.L. Landsberg from his early essay “Die Welt des Mittelalters und wir” (“The World of the Middle Ages and We”, 1922) to his book “Die Erfahrung des Todes” (“The Experience of the Death”, 1937). The philosopher provides in the last work a phenomenological investigation of the death experience grounded in his life-long engagement with Augustine’s thought, particularly with books 4 and 9 of his “Confessions”.
Keywords: Paul Ludwig Landsberg, reception of Augustine in the European philosophy of the 20th century, death experience, phenomenology, existential philosophy
INTERIORITY, SENSIBILITY AND CONTINGENCY AS UNTRANSLATABLE CONCEPTS
Author: Litvin Tatiana, PhD, St.-Petersburg State University, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: In article complexity of transfer of such concepts as interiority, sensibility, contingency which are the most important elements of a modern philosophical discourse is considered.
Keywords: interiority, sensibility, contingency
THE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSITY: UNTRANSLATABLE ACADEMIC TRADITIONS
Author: Safronov Peter, PhD, Senior Research Associate of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dean of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: Universities throughout their whole history in tsarist Russia were designed and regarded as a part of state apparatus. University multileveled dependence on imperial bureaucracy produced strange institutional ‘semi-autonomy’ based on personal relationships only. Mutation of personal into institutional and vice versa is the central point of the article.
Keywords: university, bureaucracy, state, translation, apparatus, autonomy