ARTICULT #19 (3-2015) August-November
THEORY OF ART
FILM STUDIES AS A HUMANITIES
Author: Khrenov Nikolai, PhD in Philosophy, professor, Deputy Director, State Institute of Art Studies (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: The article grounds demand to conceptualize the history of the cinema as part of the history of the culture, gaining as one of the main methodological approaches the reconceptualization of the historical poetics in works of the Russian Formalism.
Keywords: formalism, cinema history, structuralism, post-structuralism, linguistics, theory of poetry, synchrony, diachrony, historical poetics, humanities, film studies, Aristotelian tradition, receptive aesthetics, reception, social institution, social functions, the author status, nameless history of art
MALEVICH’S ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT: GOD AS PERFECTION OR ETERNAL PEACE
Author: Levina Tatiana, Ph.D. of philosophical sciences, docent at the School of philosophy, National research university Higher school of economics (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: Revolutionary in art, Malevich left reach theoretical legacy behind, that often differenciates from an image, that have been made about him. Theoretical tractate “Suprematism. World as non-objectivity or eternal peace” have been written after suggestion of Mikhail Gershenzon to write down philosophical ideas appeared in the mind. In this tractate Malevich revealed himself as a classical thinker – he meditates on God, his perfection and other attributes, such as eternity. He recalls Descartes ontological argument and the problem of cogito. Afterwards, he speculates on man’s nature after the Fall and on eternal peace of God, evoking reminiscences with Leibniz’s “Theodicy”. Ideas of Malevich can also be juxtaposed with Plato’s path to inteligible Forms and Kant’s thanscendental subject, as well as ideas of St Augustin, Anselm of Canterbury and Nicolaus of Cusa. I would like to draw new picture of intellectual world of Malevich the thinker, that certainly would illuminate the sense of his works of art.
Keywords: Kasimir Malevich, ontological argument, free will, God’s attributes, Rene Descartes, cogitation, eternal peace, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Saint Augustine
A CONCEPTUAL ROLE OF “LA MEMOIRE INVOLONTAIRE” IN WALTER BENJAMIN'S DIALECTICS OF DREAM AND AWAKENING (“ARCADES” PROJECT)
Author: Travnikov Semyon, Ph.D. Student at the State Institute of Art Studies (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: Our main thesis suggests that concept of “la memoire involontaire” for Walter Benjamin was a mean of awakening “dreaming society”. A primary source for our research is non-finished book “Arcades”. “Awakening”, as it referred in “Arcades”, was a revolution in the worldview: an impetus of desire was replaced by dialectical standstill. The concept of involuntary memory is a good example of “waking consciousness”. This type of memory means preserving impressions without fixation in a conscious experience, and re-experiencing of them by referring to individual triggers of memory like cultural artifacts, smells, visual images etc.
Keywords: Walter Benjamin, “Arcades”, dream, kitsh, la memoire involontaire
HISTORY OF ART
THE ANTIQUE IMPULSE IN NEOCLASSIC PORTRAITURE. EFFIGIES OF EMPEROR CARACALLA
Author: Zholobova Anna, Ph.D. student in Art History, Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: The article is about the problem of ancient remnants interpretation in the neoclassic sculpture portraits. It is known that works created by sculptors of the neoclassic period were inspired by masterpieces of Roman and Greek art. But the problem discussed in this article is one of the most complicated among those which art historians who study 20 century sculpture have to face. The author investigated several works by famous European sculptors created in 1750-1800 in comparison with the group of such celebrated masterpieces of antiquity as two portrait busts depicting the Roman emperor Caracalla (188-217 A.C.) from National Archaeological Museum of Naples and Vatican museums. These portraits were highly appreciated by connoisseurs of art and so became an inspiration for new sculptors to make original decisions.
Keywords: sculpture, sculpture portrait, bust, neoclassic, antiquity, Caracalla, Cavaceppi, Claus, Houdon
NEW TRENDS IN EXHIBITION DESIGN WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION IN PARIS OF 1925
Author: Manukyan Gemma, Associate at the Treryakov State Gallary, Ph.D. Student of the Stroganov Moscow State Academy of Industry and Arts (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: The article focuses on the stylistic characteristics, exhibition architecture, principles and methods of the exposition design of the International exhibition of modern decorative and industrial arts in Paris in 1925. Special attention is paid to the Soviet sector, in which there have been significant changes in this field.
Keywords: International exhibition in Paris, exhibition design, Red pavilion, Art Deco, functionalism, constructivism
HUMOR AND SATIRE IN SOVIET VARIETY ART OF 1920-S.
Author: Ryabova Galina, Ph. D in History, Assistant professor, reader in Visual arts and Culturology, Penza state university (Penza, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: This academic paper represents the diversity of humor and satire in Soviet variety art of 1920s. The variety art is one of the most popular types of art, in which humor and satire dominate. They both are two types of comic, but have their similarities and differences. The Soviet government used humor and satire a lot as an instrument for character building of a new Soviet citizen. In the first decade of the XX century the comic was one of the most useful mechanisms of cultural transformation. Humor and satire formed a new set of values as well as a viewpoint of soviet citizen. Analyze of archival depository helped to identify objects of humor and satire and make a conclusion about functions of the comic in a stated historical period.
Keywords: Soviet variety art of 1920s, laugh, laugh culture, humor, satire
TONALITY SEMANTICS IN SYNTHETIC ROCK TEXT
Author: Ivanov Dmitry, Ph.D. of Philology, Associate Professor Applied Russian Language Department Ivanovo State University (Ivanovo, Russia), e-mail: Ivan610@yandex.ru
Summary: This article is devoted to the topical issues related to the role the musical component of synthetic rock text plays in creation of the sense of the whole work. The semantic aspects of tonality are analised through the example of Yu. Shevchuk’s album Plastun and within the authour’s linguocultural theory. It is highlighted that the choice of tonality is determined by the peculiarities of the rock poet’s mindset and by the quality features of his general cognitive and pragmatic programme as well as by the conceptual correlation with the socio-cultural context. Besides, we indicate the influence of other composing styles, in particular the way A. Bashlachyov’s songs have influenced the semantics of the Plastun tracks.
Keywords: semantics, cognitive and pragmatic programme, synthetic text, synthetic lingual personality, music language, major, minor, chord
BALKAN ROCK IN THE HISTORICAL-MUSICAL RETROSPECTIVE (ON THE EXAMPLE OF SOUND RECORDING SYSTEM IN YUGOSLAVIA)
Author: Sineokij Oleg, PhD in Law, Associate Professor, candidate at the Doctor of Arts of The History of Music Department, Rostov State Conservatory (Rostov, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: In the article the history of rock music in Yugoslavia revealed in the context of the development of sound recordings from 1960 to the early 1990s. The author reveals the peculiarities of the development of the national rock music as an example the issue of the phonographic different product labels. The author asked to record the understanding of the Balkan (Yugoslavia) and Western rock in times of socialism as a complex cluster of social communications, which were formed by stable rules and acted specific principles.
Keywords: Rock, Music, Sound Recording, Album, Label, Firm
ON THE CONCEPTS OF “VOID” AND “PLENTITUDE” IN THE ART OF YVES KLEIN AND NOUVEAUX RÉALISTES
Author: Shpilko Olga, art critic, independent researcher, e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: Works of Yves Klein, one of the most ambiguous Nouveaux réalistes, have been interpreted a lot in terms of the neo-avant-garde character of his practice, or as precursor of the conceptual art. The clue was mostly in Klein’s representation of the void, in particular, in the eponymous exhibition of his in Galerie Iris Clert in 1958. The article aims to reassess the concept of void in Klein’s oeuvre. Its examination in the context of the Nouveau Réalisme and contemporary to Klein artistic situation reveals it as a totally self-contained phenomenon which should be released from already consolidating but essentially superficial links to the various “void” traditions of the twentieth century.
Keywords: Yves Klein, neo-avant-garde, Nouveau Réalisme, plentitude, void
THEORY AND HISTORY OF CULTURE
RUSSIAN STYLE IN THE EUROPEAN FASHION OF THE XX CENTURY: CULTURAL ANALYSIS
Author: Chernoded Anastasia, Ph.D. Student department of philosophy of culture and culture of the Saratov Chernyshevsky State University (Saratov, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: This article seeks to examine the transformation of Russian style in European fashion of the XX century. We analyzed the characteristics of the Russian style, its interaction with other clothes in the collections of Western designers. The article is devoted to the development of Russian style in modern clothes modeling, the use of ethnic national characteristics in the modern suit, which was reflected in a cut, embroidery, ornaments clothing and accessories. In the article the development of the ethnic Russian as an indicator of the direction and blur the boundaries between different cultural zones, and as a form of identity search, subcultural identity. On the basis of the study concluded that, despite the active process of globalization, in most countries of interest to national traditions do not disappear, but even increased.
Keywords: ethnic, folk costume, russian style, the globalization of culture and multiculturalism
MAIN TRENDS OF CULTURAL DIFFUSION IN RUSSIAN TOURISTIC DISCOURSE
Author: Gonchаrеnko Aleksandra, Ph.D. Student, Senior Lector at Chаir of Touristic Businеss of the Businеss Communicаtions Institutе of Sаint-Pеtеrsburg Stаtе Univеrsity of Tеchnology аnd Dеsign (Sаint-Pеtеrsburg, Russian), e-mail: Sandra_shc@mail.ru
Summary: The article refers to the stages and periods of professional media-discourse development in Russian travel and tourism, taking appearance of new products and new terms, and investigating main tendencies of cultural diffusion in the area of tourist discourse. It is proved that specific traits of cultural diffusion in the process are defined by a number of features: they are carried out based on the public interest. We could speak about complex cultural diffusion, not of singularities, but always of complex units.
Keywords: tourist discourse, cultural diffusion, diffusion of innovations, cross-cultural communication
LEGAL CULTURE OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION AS A FACTOR IN THE FORMATION AND REPRODUCTION OF THE ANTI-CORRUPTION SUBCULTURE
Author: Syuzeva Natalya, a senior lecturer at the Russian state professional and pedagogical university (Ekaterinburg, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: The article raises the question of the legal culture as a mode of educational organization and cultural factors of formation and reproduction of the anti-corruption subculture. A students is social group, which can be advantageous to alternate the dominant carrier in society loyal to corrupt behaviors. The author believes that a key role in the legal culture of the educational organization, reproducing anti-corruption subculture should play stable values, influencing the formation of ideals and patterns of behavior, specifying the legal culture as a negative environment for any corruption. Without a developed legal culture of the organization's anti-corruption education subculture is impossible because of the lack of potential of its carriers.
Keywords: legal culture, the subculture of anti-corruption, legal values, educational organization, legal consciousness