Issue 18 (2015, 2) Summary

АРТИКУЛЬТ-018


ARTICULT #18 (2-2015) April-July

SUMMARY


ART


TO THE QUESTION OF FIGURATIVE RELIEFS IN ROCK-HEWN CHURCHES OF ETHIOPIA
UDC 7.027.2+72.04:73/77
Author Klyuev Sergey, Student at the Scientific Research Institute of the Theory and History of Architecture and Urban Planning (Russia), e-mail: serjklyuvue@yandex.ru
Summary: The paper examines reliefs in ethiopian rock-hewn architecture. We try to answer why sculpture decoration is not typical for rock-hewn architecture of Ethiopia. We consider existing hypotheses of the origin of this phenomenon and making our conclusions in the case-study of monuments of the Bet-Maryam and Bet-Golgotha (Lalibelas complex). We try to track influence not only Christian Eastern, but also European art on the idea to use relieves in the rock-hewn architecture.
Keywords: figurative relief, rock-hewn architecture, Ethiopia, Lalibala, equestrian saints, sculpture

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ORIGINALITY OF REPRESENTATION OF WEST FRONT IN THE EARLY ENGLISH GOTHIC PERIOD IN TERMS OF PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL
UDC 7.033.5(410.1)
Author Pospelova Juliana, third-year student of the Department of Theory and History of Applied Arts and Design of Stroganov Moscow State Academy of Applied and Industrial Arts, e-mail: ju.rainbow23@gmail.com
Summary: The article considers the question of west façade representation in the Early English Gothic period and studies the west front of Peterborough cathedral as one of the most powerful examples of original artistic thought of English architects.
Keywords: Medieval Art, Gothic architecture, Early English Gothic style

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ZOOMORPHIC FORMS IN THE SPANISH ROMANESQUE SCULPTURE
UDC 72.033.4
Author Terentyeva Linda, student of Moscow State Academy of Arts and Industry named after Stroganov, e-mail: linda1294@yandex.ru
Summary: Numerous monuments of Romanesque architecture are scattered all over Europe. Spanish Romanesque is notable for local features, provoked with many factors: historical, political, geographical and cultural. This article studies origins of some local characteristics of the Spanish Romanesque, such as particular zoomorphism (beast-shapes) of monumental decorations, roviding stylistic and iconographic analysis of exemplar monuments of the province of Burgos, Spain.
Keywords: Romanesque art, Spain, monumental sculpture, architecture, zoomorphic forms

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SUBJECT-SPATIAL RELATIONS IN THE STILL LIVES OF THE ARTISTS OF “THE BUBNOVIY VALET” ART-GROUP: A THEORETICAL VIEW
UDC 7.036
Author Korolyova Olga, postgraduate student Faculty of Theory and History of Art Ilya Repin St. Petersburg State Academy Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, e-mail: oolgakor@gmail.com
Summary: The theoretical aspect of the object-spatial relations is considered as ontological problem of the artistic plastic. The most important lines of the idea are explained on example of still lives by the artists of “The Bubnoviy valet” Russian art group. The illustrative material includes years from 1908 to 1916. The plastic determinism in these works, we prove, is dependence of the figurative system and general composition from the main character of expressive artistic methods and means. Special attention is paid to the evolution principles of the object-spatial relations as dialectical unity of object and space on the plane, and to the peculiarity of their plastical materialization and dematerialization.
Keywords: object, space, plastic, ontology, “The Bubnoviy valet”, art of the XX century, still life, avant-guard

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CONFECTIONERY TRADE CARDS FROM THE SERIES “THE VIEWS OF SIBERIA AND THE SIBERIAN RAILWAY” AS PART OF MASS VISUAL CULTURE OF THE LATE 19 EARLY 20 CENTURY RUSSIA
UDC 769.91
Author Mikhaylova Natalia, MA student of Аrt History department. European University at St. Petersburg (Russia), e-mail: mikhaylovawork@gmail.com
Summary: A series of trade cards “The views of Siberia and the Siberian railway” demonstrates some key points of the mass visual culture of the late XIXth –early XX-th centuries. The series reflects the vision on Siberian Railroad and the symbolic appropriation of Siberia by a Central Russia resident.
Keywords: mass culture, visual culture, advertising, сonfectionery trade cards, Siberia, Siberian railroad

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PHENOMENON OF THE TAIROV’S THEATRE
UDC 792(027+075)
Author Sokolova Anna, student (bachelor) of the 3rd course of theory and history of applied and decorative arts and design faculty of Stroganov Moscow State University of Arts and Industry, e-mail: anna.karenina_94@mail.ru
Summary: An unique role in the history of Russian theater art perfectly played advanced in artistic achievements at the level of the early 20 c. Tairov’s theater (Chamber Theater). Theatre phenomenon was here inseparable from the figure of its director. The article focuses on the history and formation of the Tairov’s theater in the context of theatrical life of the period and of personality of the director: his formal innovations and the systematic approach regarding theatre style, mastery of the actor, tasks of director and stage designer, the role of literature matter and music in the theater, stage atmosphere and costume decisions.
Keywords: theatre, Tairov, director, actor, scenography

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THE EMERGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE GENRE OF GLASS ART OBJECT IN SOVIET ART GLASS
UDC 748
Author Subbotina Olesya, Ph.D. Student, Saint-Petersburg State Academy of Art and Design named after Alexander Stieglits (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), e-mail: leskus30@mail.ru
Summary: The article is devoted to the history of the emergence and development of the genre of glass-plastic (glass art object) in Soviet school of glassmaking: the pure genre from the applied genre. On the base of particular works, we define the main features of the original genre in the art glass of the twentieth century. The analysis of creativity of modern artists reveals deepest old traditions of art glass in contemporary Russia.
Keywords: Soviet art, glass making, art glass, genre differentiation, art object

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CINEMA


TRADITIONS OF GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM IN AMERICAN FILMS NOIR 1940-1950
UDC 791.43.03
Author Sklyarova Jana, first-year student of master program “The Art of Cinema”, Faculty of the History of Art, Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: ya.sklyarova@gmail.com
Summary: German filmmakers influenced American cinema of the WWII period. The article aims to reconstuct and analyze the creative method of the German expressionism that American directors borrowed in the films of 1939-1959.
Keywords: noir, German expressionism, chiaroscuro, scenery of expressionism, chequered light and shade

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NATIVE/ALIEN AS ART CONCEPT OF EARLY JIM JARMUSCH MOVIES
UDC 791(43-2+43.04+44.071.1)
Author Fedunenko Evgeniy, first-year student of master program “The Art of Cinema”, Faculty of the History of Art, Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: eugen.fet@yandex.ru
Summary: The article analyses early Jim Jarmusch movies “Stranger than Paradise”, “Down by Law”, “Mystery Train”, which all could be united as “foreigner trilogy”. In all these pictures Jarmusch views on America with the years of newcomers, so the problem is, why Jim Jarmusch needs a foreigner as art concept of Alien, working for the main message of the film.
Keywords: Jarmusch, foreigner, alien, American cinema, “American dream”

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PETER GREENAWAY’S ARTISTIC METHOD TO WORK WITH PAINTING IN CINEMA: “GOLTZIUS AND THE PELICAN COMPANY”
UDC 791(43-2+43.04+44.071.1)
Author Skaldina Sofya, first–year student of master program “The Art of Сinema”, Faculty of the History of Arts, Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: sonya.skaldina@gmail.com
Summary: Peter Greenaway, one of the most outstanding directors in contemporary cinema, is famous for his works with rich visual component, tending to mix different types of art. The article investigates main Peter Greenaway’s methods to rework paintings in his movies, which finds its perfect implementation in his film “Goltzius and the Pelican Company”.
Keywords: Greenaway, visual language, painting in cinema, Goltzius and the Pelican Company, art-house

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CONTEMPORARY ART


TOWARDS A PHENOMENOLOGY OF SOUND
UDC 7.038.55
Author Lukyanova Olga, ΜΑ, Department of Cinema and Contemporary Art Studies, Faculty of Art History, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: lukyanolga@gmail.com
Summary: The use of sound as a primary media reveals new dimensions of installation art. Sound installation combines features of space, parameters of sound itself as well as special mood of spectator's engagement. Sound installation focuses on the relationship of acoustics and space in the physical, tactile, social, historical, narrative and other aspects. Art of sound installation requires special analytical tools for its analysis and theoretical understanding. The most adequate will be phenomenological approach to the sound, which considers sound as a phenomenon in human experience of perception and of interpretation of acoustic effects.
Keywords: sound-art, sound installation, phenomenology, Susan Philipsz

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