ARTICULT #17 (1-2015) January-March
URBAN STUDIES: MEMORYSITES AND ART PRACTICES
OCCUPY THE MEMORY SITE: A CLASSIC TEXT AS A PROTEST GROUND
Author Shvets Anna, 1th year master program in Arts (major in American Literature), Moscow State University named after M.V.Lomonosov (Philological Faculty, Media Studies Department), Moscow, Russia, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: The paper focuses on the emergence and functioning of a ‘memory site (le lieu de mémoire, P.Nora), illustrated by the case of Occupy Wall Street readings of H.Melville’s ‘Bartleby the Scrivener’. The author argues that the new memory site bridges the real and the virtual worlds, existing as a place on Wall Street as well as being part of Occupy discourse (the interpretations and discussions of the story). The article contends that it is the model of protest as a performance that gives rise to the emergence of a virtual memory site. Consequently, this site exists only when the protest is being enacted. Therefore, such a site becomes virtually invisible for the outsiders, can not be re-occupied and is easily transferable as a social practice.
Keywords: memory site, protest, actionism, performance
URBAN MEMORY AS METAPHOR AND AS FIELD OF RESEARCH
Author Guryanov Ilya, postgraduate student, History of Philosophy (NRU HSE), laboratory assistant (Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities named after A.V. Poletaev), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: The concept of “les lieux de mémoire” (Memory Sites) was originally based on the disciplinary conventions of historical studies and then it was appropriated by a number of discourses: cultural studies, urban studies, social anthropology, and contemporary arts. Due to the metaphorical potential of this concept adepts of the “memorial turn” speaking about the past in academic manner actualize more direct and vital experience, taking distance from traditional historians dealing with texts and archeology. In the process of academic discussions the connotations of “lieux de mémoire” were deeply transformed. Urban memory studies as field of research was constituted through these discussions in the humanities, social sciences and arts. Its coherency based on metaphorical using of certain number of crucial dichotomies and combined urban phenomena which are associated usually with different disciplines.
Keywords: Memory sites (les lieux de mémoire), urban memory, space metaphor
THE DESIRE IN ART
WONDERFUL LIFE. THEMES OF CREATION AND FAITH IN FEDERICO MOCCIA’S THE MAN WHO DID NOT WANT TO LOVE
Author Makarov Dimitri, Dr.Habil, professor and head of the Department of General humanities, The Urals State Conservatoire named after M. P. Mussorgsky (Yekaterinburg, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: In the article a world outlook interpretation of Federico Moccia’s 2011 novel The Man who Didn’t Want to Love is proposed, together with an attempt at determining its place within the author’s creation and within the framework of the contemporary Italian prose in general. Special attention is given at the way in which the author settles the most important Weltanschauung questions, such as the heroes’ understanding of their guilt towards their neighbors, their relations to creation and the Catholic faith, prayer. Federico Moccia’s philosophical ideas are confronted with the thoughts of Aristotle, Nikolai Berdyaev, Hans Urs von Balthasar, Martin Heidegger et al.
Keywords: Federico Moccia, the Italian prose of the late 20th – early 21st century, the sense of guilt, creation, responsibility, faith, prayer
FEAR AND DESIRE: THE IMAGE OF FEMME FATALE IN FILM NOIR OF THE 40'S AND THE BEGINNING OF THE 50'S
Author Novikova Evgenija, graduate student of Saint-Petersburg State University of Cinema and Television, e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: This article explores the image of femme fatale in film noir, the social and cultural factors of its' rise and development, the narrative and visual techniques which the directors used to construct this image. The author traces the relation between the representation of femme fatale in film noir and the notions of sexuality, gender roles, and the structure of the family, that were characteristic of the society in the 40's and 50's.
Keywords: film noir, femme fatale, sexuality, gender, patriarchal order
PROBLEMS OFBIOGRAPHYIN THE MUSEUM PRACTICE
THE ARTISTIC WORK OF M.V.ALPATOV IS AN OUTSTANDING SCIENTIST-ART-CRITIC AND CHARACTERISTICS OF HIS IMMEDIATE ENVIRONMENT, ON THE BASIS OF ARCHIVAL SOURCES
Author Filipova Olga, Ph.D. Student of the State Art Institute named after V.Surikov (Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: Mikhail Vladimirovich Alpatov (1902-1986) – was not only an outstanding scientist-art-critic, but also a wonderful pedagogue, pedagogue not only by profession, but by vocation, inner inclinations of the soul. Being a talented scientist and pedagogue, M.V.Alpatov was not less gifted painter. Association with the beginners and already established artists – painters, graphic artists, and sculptors; with some of them he went to the sketches, worked in the studios, constantly demanded from M.V.Alpatov living and immediate attitude to the work of art, the ability to see and deeply understand the peculiarity of his artistic language, to give him the correct qualitative assessment. The interest in the work of art was supplemented by an interest in the laws and mysteries of it origin. This led of M.V.Alpatov-scientist to artistic practice, to studies in drawing and painting.
Keywords: scientist-art-critic, pedagogue, poet, amateur-artist, still life, portrait, landscape, oil, pastel, pencil
“HURRY UP FOR US, YOUNG, CATCH UP WITH US, OVERTAKE!”. TO A QUESTION OF AN ORIGIN OF PROFESSIONAL ART KARACHAY-CHERKESIAS
Author Koichueva (Topalova) Zulfa, associate professor at the Chair of arts and crafts, faculty of culture and arts, Karachay-Cherkess state university of name U.D. Aliyeva (Karachayevsk, Russia), Honourable worker of the general education of the Russian Federation, e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: In article we see results of continuous educational activity of I.P. Krymshamkhalov in development of professional arts of Karachay–Cherkessia. The close acquaintance from N.A. Yaroshenko setting the task of «broad promotion of the fine arts», for the purpose of public and esthetic education of a people at large, «democratic art pulling together with life», had beneficial impact on the prince inclined to enlightenment. The ideas put forward by the artists arranging mobile exhibitions about «bringing to inhabitants of provinces of opportunity to get acquainted with the Russian art, developments of love to art in the works of the ideological party of the fine arts» got broad support in society and reflection among educated inhabitants. And, having ideas of the artists arranging mobile exhibitions, Islam Pashayevich with colleagues all the further life devoted to an embodiment of the principles of interaction of national cultures of the North Caucasus and Russia that in many respects defined a vector of further development of the fine arts of the region for many years.
Keywords: I.P. Krymshamkhalov, N.A. Yaroshenko, K.L. Khetagurov, fine arts of Karachay-Cherkessia, artists arranging mobile exhibitions, originality, moral, enlightenment
Author Kondratenko Philipp, independent scolar, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: Essay is a review on exhibition of visual artist Platon Petrov “Personification: China” taken place from February 7 to March 8, 2015 at the Navicula Artis gallery in St. Petersburg. Author discusses the background of Petrov’s practice, the stylistic features of his works, and searches for an idea of present exhibition (curated by Gleb Ershov). Directly considering the concept both of Petrov’s art and curator’s installation, he proposes then his own interpretation of actual state of St. Petersburg art within the frame of post-Arefiev semi-unofficial paradigm.
Keywords: contemporary art, depersonalization, pop art, post-suprematism, psychoanalyze, standardization
THE IRAQ CULTURAL PROPERTY DESTRUCTION DATABASE (PAPER SUMMARY)
Author Alferova Maria, Master’s student at Museology Department, Faculty of the History of Art, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: Summary on the article “Creating the Iraq cultural property destruction database: calculating a heritage destruction index" by Benjamin Isakhan, published in 2015 in “International Journal of Heritage Studies”.
Keywords: heritage studies, Iraq heritage, destruction index, damage database, cultural heritage
SOCIAL DESIGN IN MUSEUMS: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF VISITOR STUDIES (PAPER SUMMARY)
Author Belousov Andrey, Master’s student at Museology Department, Faculty of the History of Art, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: Summary on the book “Social Design in Museums: The Psychology of Visitor Studies" by Stephen Bitgood, published in 2011.
Keywords: museum visitor, museum public, visitor studies, museum psychology, social design
THINGS ARE CHANGING: MUSEUMS AND THE MATERIAL TURN (PAPER SUMMARY)
Author Kleimenova Irina, Master’s student at Museology Department, Faculty of the History of Art, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: email@example.com
Summary: Summary on the article “Things are Changing: Museums and the Material Turn” by Mario Schulze, published in 2014 in “Museological Review”.
Keywords: museum communication, museum design, display design, museum narrative
HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE INDIVIDUAL MUSEUM VISITOR (PAPER SUMMARY)
Author Kozhevnikova Karolina, Master’s student at Museology Department, Faculty of the History of Art, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary: Summary on the article “Human Rights and the Individual Museum Visitor" by Jennifer Harris, published in 2013 in “ICOFOM Study Series”.
Keywords: museum visitor, museum public, visitor rights, museum narrative