Issue 12 (2013, 4) Summary

АРТИКУЛЬТ-12


ARTICULT #12 (4-2013)

SUMMARY


ABSTRACT ART IN THE IDEAL STATE
UDC 7.01+7.038
Author: Levina Tatiana, PhD, assistant professor, Faculty of Philosophy, National Research University – Higher School of Economics, e-mail: levinatat@gmail.com
Summary: Plato mentions danger of poetry and arts several times in “Republic”. Works of arts plays crucial role to morals, as they lead to deprave them, developing sense knowledge instead of the knowledge of intelligible forms. As noetic science does not advancing, therefore arts are not useful for the republic. Plato praise mathematics as a discipline that helps us to approach 'world of ideas' instead: contemplation on general meanings of things develops right intentions of our souls. I am trying to answer on the question: has abstract art also be banished, as mimetic forms of arts are, or it is associated with mathematics and is useful for citizens of the republic.
Keywords: abstract art, Plato, metaphysics, ideas, intelligible forms, Republic, Vivian del Rio, itself by itself  

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THE URBAN PROJECTIONS OF WAR: RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR IN THE POETRY OF 1904-6. PORT ARTHUR
UDC 7.01+82-1
Author: Ostrovskaya Elena, PhD, Associate Professor, Faculty of Philology, National Research University – Higher School of Economics, e-mail: elena.ostrovskaya@gmail.com
Summary: The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5 became, in many ways, a precursor of the two world wars of the 20th century, first and foremost as a war of the urbanized civiliasation. The paper focuses on the poetic projection of this war as perceived by a city far away from the military action, the city as a locus of the war’s premises and consequences, and proposes a general approach towards the poetics of verse in the perspective of the urban projections as well as examines the reception of Port-Arthur in the poems of 1904-1906.
Keywords: Port-Arthur, Russo-Japanese war, poetry, urbanism, city  

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TRANSLATABILITY OF NAMES AND INTRANSLATABILITY OF EVENTS IN THE CAPUTO'S SPECTRAL HERMENEUTICS
UDC 801.73
Author: Konacheva Svetlana, Dr. habil in philosophy, professor, Faculty of Philosophy, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: konacheva@mail.ru
Summary: The article discusses the theological hermeneutics of J. Caputo established on distinction between name and event found in the name. The author carries out a comparative analysis of the understanding of the event in the being-historical thinking of late Heidegger and spectral hermeneutics.It is shown that the event is something that is realized in what happens, and the name is a kind of preliminary formulation of the event, relatively stable developing structure. It was demonstrated that in the spectral hermeneutics words and things are contingent, transferable and available to deconstruction, but event is irreducible, untranslatable and not supposed to deconstruction.
Keywords: spectral hermeneutics, event, name, deconstruction, metaphysics, transferability, undecidability  

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“TRINITY” BY NATALIA GONCHAROVA: WHY THE FACE OF THE SPIRIT IS UNDER THE WINGS?
UDC 7.046.3:27-565.74
Author: Markov Alexander, PhD, assistant professor, Chair of the Cinema and Contemporary Art Studies, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: markovius@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6874-1073
Summary: Τhe article deals with theological framework of the Goncharova's religious art. We prove, that provided in her art new relation of the idea and the matter owed both to the misinterpretations of the language of Russian theology and to her original creative method.
Keywords: Russian Avant-guard, religious art, representations of the Trinity, the Russian theology of the beg. 20 c.  

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HELMUT PLESSNER AND THE PROBLEM OF EXISTENTIAL
UDC 141
Author: Ischenko Natalia, PhD, assistant professor, Faculty of Philosophy, National Research University – Higher School of Economics, e-mail: natalie.ishchenko@gmail.com
Summary: This paper is dedicated to the analysis of the existential-ontological concept of H. Plessner. In the paper the thesis that the philosophical anthropology of H. Plessner refutes the existential-ontological substantiation of the whole world-comprehension in the pre-empirical anthropology as the theoretical doctrine of “being-consciousness” is substantiated. According to Plessner, the philosophy of person is impossible without the philosophy of nature, as far as the mode of existence of the person can be perceived only as the mode of being of the “natural entity”. On this basis the philosophy subject is to be, according to Plessner, not theoretical, but “living”, or natural, existentia.
Keywords: existentia, body existentia, flesh, border, life, nature, analytics of Dasien, being-consciousness, excentrical positionality, existential ontology, philosophical anthropology, philosophical hermeneutics, art, culture  

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MADNESS AND AGGRESSION IN FILMS ABOUT MANIACS : IMAGE OF INNER MADNESS
UDC 616.89-008.482+791.43-2
Author: Kolotaev Vladimir, Dr.Habil. in philology, full professor, dean of the Faculy of the History of Art Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH, Moscow, Russia), e-mail: vakolotaev@gmail.com
Summary: Films about maniacs seen as attempt to solve the main aesthetic contradiction of the impression of the hero and of his inside knowledge, of subjective and of objective intention in the fiction. It is proved that a maniac, being pathological in his subjective world, begins to look like as representative of the objective deviancy, reinforcing the norm in the objective world, and vice versa, considering himself normal, he establishes a new pathology in the social world. Thus, psychoanalytic dialectic of the maniac behavior needs to be supplemented by social dialectics of individual behavior, prone to crime but at the same time consciously building his character.
Keywords: maniac behavior, paranoia, psychoanalysis, negative character, the imagery in the film  

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PORTRAIT OF THE VISITORS OF TRETYAKOV GALLERY IN 1920-S
UDC 316.74:7
Author: Petrunina Ljubov, PhD, sociologist in the State Tretyakov Gallery, e-mail: liubovgtg@yandex.ru
Summary: The article contains a description of sociological studies of the Tretyakov Gallery visitors conducted by the staff of methodical - educational department for 1925--1926. Materials studies show the first stages of development of museological concepts of science, give an idea of ​​the whole complex of problems in the organization of the first opinion polls in the museum, describes the tasks that researchers had set for themselves. The obtained results were put under deep-sided research, allowing to establish a highly effective mode of operation of the museum, which has become the head of propaganda institution. Materials of the polls are important for perceptual characteristics of works of art for different groups of visitors: workers, students, employees, students have not lost relevance today.
Keywords: history of Museology, sociological research in the museum, the Tretyakov Gallery, especially the perception of works of art by various social groups, stages of comprehension self- pattern analysis  

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PHENOMENOLOGY OF METHOD: READING OF THE "HYLE" BY VLADIMIR BIBIKHIN
UDC 141
Author: Krishtaleva Ludmila, Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy of the RAS, e-mail: e-song@yandex.ru
Summary: Reading the first three lectures "Forest (hyle)" by V. Bibikhin we can define how the philosopher understands the human nature. His point of view rests on philosophical and religious traditions but nevertheless is new and original. Following Aristotle V. Bibikhin is searching the specific of the human nature using concepts "automatic"," the nearest" and "twin", "God" and "freedom", "regard" and "prayer", "law" and "grace", "share" and "grasp". The philosopher says that there are structures incorporated in the human being named also as automatic, law, human nature. However actualization of human nature as "automatic" aspiration for salvation is not guaranteed. That is the paradox of the indefinabilaty of the man.
Keywords: Bibikhin, aporia, attention, pray, automaton, twin, freedom, prostasis, nearest  

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20th ANNIVERSARY OF THE HIGHER SCHOOL OF RESTORATION OF THE RSUH: MATERIALS OF THE CONFERENCE “ACADEMICAL ART STUDIES, ARCHEOLOGY AND PROFESSIONAL RESTORATION TODAY” (21—23.10.2013). Edited by Elena Savostina
UDC 72.025+73.025+75.025
Summary: Proceedings of the Conference on the themes: the history of restoration, advancements of the restoration, conservation of monuments, the importance of research in the field of restoration for the development of art history, interaction of archeology and restoration, teaching restoration in higher schools.
Keywords: restoration, the Higher School of Restoration of the RSUH  

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